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The 8 Northern Lights Facts: answering the aurora questions

The 8 Northern Lights Facts: answering the aurora questions

Northern Lights Facts
The Aurora Borealis Facts


You will find answers to a lot of your Northern Lights questions in this northern lights facts section.

You can read the facts and find answers to questions. Such as what are the Northern Lights? What Causes the Northern Lights?

The 8 northern lights facts you should know

  • The Northern Lights, which are a type of Aurora, often called a Polar Light, is all natural and seen in the sky. Usually seen in high-latitude areas, they are produced when a solar wind disturbs the magnetosphere, changing the trajectories of the charged particles found in magnetospheric plasma and solar wind, causing them to go up into the upper atmosphere. When this occurs, they emit a light of different complexities and colors.
  • As part of the northern lights facts, the Aurora Borealis are named after the Roman goddess of the dawn, and Boreas, which is the Greek name Galileo used for the north wind.
  • Polar Lights are also seen in the southern latitudes and known as the Aurora Australis, often referred to as the Southern Lights. Scientists have found that Aurora occurs on other planets as well.
  • First, you have to take a look at the sun, the yellow star that is at the very center of the solar system. As the sun rotates on its axis, the different magnetic fields of it twist and distort. When these fields are knotted together, then they can burst, and then create sunspots. In some cases, these sunspots may be several times the Earth’s diameter in size. The center of the sun reaches 27 million degrees F. As the surface temperature falls and rises, it bubbles and boils. From the sunspot regions on the sun’s surface, particles escape and plasma particles are hurtled into space. This is known as a solar wind.
  • Another aspect of the northern lights facts is that the Solar wind takes about 40 hours to get to the earth. Once it arrives, it has the ability to create the dramatic Northern lights.
  • The colors associated with the Northern lights are generally yellow, violet, pink, blue, and green. In some cases, white and orange. When particles collide with nitrogen, green and yellow colors are produced. Interactions with oxygen result in violet, blue, and red. The specific type of collision that occurs can also change the colors that are seen in the sky. Molecular nitrogen creates purple, while blue displays are caused by atomic nitrogen. Altitude also affects the colors. Violet and purple show up above 60 miles, blue – at altitudes of up to 60 miles, red – above 150 miles, and green – in 150 miles or below.
  • Radiation, magnetic waves and debris constantly bombard the Earth. In most cases, the magnetic field of our planet does a great job at deflecting these particles and rays. It also include those ones that are discharged from the sun. When particles are discharged from the sun, they travel approximately 93 million miles before they drawn to the magnetic poles of the Earth. Once there, they mingle with molecules and atoms of nitrogen, oxygen, and various other elements, which results in the amazing display of the Northern lights.
  • The Northern Lights are visible from space. You can best view it from the International Space Station (added photo).

The 8 northern lights facts can not be despised or overlooked. It helps you in knowing more about the amazing Aurora.



northern lights cities

There are many aurora countries on earth with each having their own northern lights cities.

Countries and their northern lights cities

Norway – early September – early April – click here for detailed information

The northern lights can be seen in various cities in Norway. These cities are Senja, Alta, Kirkenes, Lakselv, Narvik, Harstad, Oslo, Bodø, Andøya, and Tromsø. The aurora can be seen in these cities during the winter months. These months are from early September to early April. Preferably when the nights are dark. It is highly visible in March, September, and October.northern lights cities

Sweden–September – April – click here for detailed information

There are various northern lights cities in Sweden. These places are Jukkasjärvi, Abisko, Porjus and Laponia, Gällivare, Arvidsjaur, and Jokkmokk. You can have the opportunity to see the northern lights here between September and April. Here the aurora is strongest between 22:00 pm to 23:00 pm at night.

Iceland–September – mid-April – click here for detailed information  

The aurora can be seen in some cities and places in this country. These are Westfjords, Borgarnes, Reykjavík, Vík, Landmannalaugar and Jökulsárlón. You can see the aurora between September and mid-April. It can also be seen earlier than expected in August. The best time to see the aurora in Iceland is between 21:00 pm to 03:00 am. Although you can see them during the nights and early in the evening.       

Finland–September – March – click here for detailed information

In this place, the aurora can be seen in locations such as the Kakslauttanen, Utsjoki, Rovaniemi, Sodankylä, Ivalo, Nellim, and Kilpisjarvi. You can see the northern lights on every clear night between September and March. Also, you can see it when the skies are starry between 21:00 pm to 2 am.

Ireland–September – March – click here for detailed information

There are some northern lights cities where you can see the aurora in Ireland and these places are Donegal (Tory Island, Mamore Gap, Arranmore, and Malin Head Co.), Mayo (Inisturk, Belmullet), Leitrim, Sligo, and Mullaghmore. It can be seen in these places during the darkest months. These months are September, October all through to March. It can also be seen around 9:30 pm to 1 am.

UK–September–April – click here for detailed information  

In the UK the aurora can be seen in Northumberland, the southwest of England, the Lake District, Wales, Northern Ireland and much more. The best time to see the aurora here is during the winter and they can be clearly seen in the darkest Months between 10 pm and midnight.

Scotland–September –April – click here for detailed information 

You can see northern light Scotland in places like Shetland, Torridon and Assynt, Lewis and Harris, Oban, Loch Lomond, Lochaber, Edinburgh and much more. The winter and autumn (September to April) are the best time of the year to see the aurora here. At this time of the year, the nights are the darkest.

Canada –September –April – click here for detailed information

Here the aurora can be seen in Yukon, Saskatchewan, the Mucho Lake Provincial Park, Fort McMurray in Alberta, Iqaluit in Nunavut, Yellowknife in Northwest Territories, Newfoundland, and Labrador. The winter months are also the best time to see the northern lights in Canada.

USA –September–March– click here for detailed information

In the USA the northern lights can be seen in Alaska (Anchorage and Fairbanks), Aroostook, Michigan, Cook County and much more. The northern lights can be seen here during the winter months between September and March. Generally, in the USA you can see the aurora between 11.30 p.m. to 3.30 a.m. The peak is by 1.30 a.m. In Alaska, you can see the aurora between 10 p.m. to 2 a.m. solar times.


Finally, you can know more about the northern lights cities, where and when to see the aurora by visiting some of the Northern lights forecast websites. In addition, by reading about the northern lights predictions.